How do you get Q fever?

Q fever, also called query fever, is a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii. The bacteria are most commonly found in cattle, sheep, and goats around the world. Humans typically get Q fever when they breathe in dust that was contaminated by infected animals.

Similarly, it is asked, where is Q fever mostly found?

Most commonly reported in southern France and Australia, Q fever occurs worldwide. C. burnetii infects various hosts, including humans, ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats), and pets—and, in rare cases, reptiles, birds, and ticks. This bacterium is excreted in urine, milk, feces, and birth products.

Also, is Q fever dangerous?

Chronic Q fever is serious and can be deadly if not treated correctly. Chronic Q fever infection requires months of antibiotic treatment. Chronic Q fever is more likely to occur in people with heart valve disease, blood vessel abnormalities, or in people with weakened immune systems.

How is Q fever diagnosed?

Inapparent and subclinical infections are common. The diagnosis of Q fever relies mainly upon serology, the most commonly used method being the immunofluorescence assay. Serological testing for Q fever should always be done for a patient with a febrile illness and negative blood cultures.

How do most humans acquire Q fever?

People usually get infected by breathing in the Q fever bacteria that is in the air or dust. The bacteria can be found in the placenta and birth fluids (in very high numbers), urine, faeces, blood or milk of animals who are infected with or carry the bacteria.

Originally posted 2022-03-31 03:39:48.

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