What are the major chronic diseases?

Chronic Diseases: The Leading Causes of Death and Disability in the United States. Chronic diseases and conditions—such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and arthritis—are among the most common, costly, and preventable of all health problems.

Similarly, it is asked, what is the most common cause of death in Australia?

Coronary heart disease is the most common underlying cause of death in Australia for people aged 45 and over, followed by dementia and Alzheimer disease, cerebrovascular disease, lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Is Australia healthy?

On the positive side, the life expectancy of most Australians continues to be among the highest in the world. Our unhealthy habits and lifestyle choices contribute to over 30% of the health burden in Australia today. 1. A shocking 61% of adults and 25% of children are clinically overweight or obese.

What is biggest cause of death?

The top 10 leading causes of death in the United States

  • Cancer.
  • Chronic lower respiratory disease.
  • Accidents.
  • Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Diabetes.
  • Influenza and pneumonia.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Suicide.
  • What are the types of chronic diseases?

    Examples of chronic illnesses are:

  • Alzheimer disease and dementia.
  • Arthritis.
  • Asthma.
  • Cancer.
  • COPD.
  • Crohn disease.
  • Cystic fibrosis.
  • Diabetes.
  • What diseases are considered chronic?

    The term chronic is often applied when the course of the disease lasts for more than three months. Common chronic diseases include arthritis, asthma, cancer, COPD, diabetes and some viral diseases such as hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS.

    What are the major risk factors for chronic diseases?

    According to the World Health Report 2010, the major risk factors include:

  • tobacco use.
  • the harmful use of alcohol.
  • raised blood pressure (or hypertension)
  • physical inactivity.
  • raised cholesterol.
  • overweight/obesity.
  • unhealthy diet.
  • raised blood glucose.
  • What is an example of a chronic disease?

    Examples of chronic illnesses include diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, kidney disease, HIV/AIDS, lupus, and multiple sclerosis. Many people with these illnesses become depressed. In fact, depression is one of the most common complications of chronic illness.

    What are examples of acute illnesses?

    Acute conditions

  • Asthma attack.
  • Broken bone.
  • Bronchitis.
  • Burn.
  • Common cold.
  • Flu.
  • Heart attack.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Which are the chronic diseases?

    Chronic Diseases and Conditions

  • ALS (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
  • Alzheimer’s Disease and other Dementias.
  • Arthritis.
  • Asthma.
  • Cancer.
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Cystic Fibrosis.
  • Diabetes.
  • Is anxiety a chronic disease?

    These feelings usually pass with time, however, if they cause ongoing stress, you may be at greater risk of developing depression and anxiety. Similarly, if you live with a chronic illness (e.g. heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, or asthma), you are also at greater risk of developing depression and anxiety.

    Is Major Depression a chronic illness?

    For millions of people, chronic illnesses and depression are facts of life. A chronic illness is a condition that lasts for a very long time and usually cannot be cured completely, although some forms of depression and other illnesses can be managed through diet, exercise, and certain medications.

    Can chronic disease be cured?

    Chronic disease: A disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting 3 months or more, by the definition of the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Chronic diseases generally cannot be prevented by vaccines or cured by medication, nor do they just disappear.

    Is IBS a chronic disease?

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine. Signs and symptoms include cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and diarrhea or constipation, or both. IBS is a chronic condition that you’ll need to manage long term.

    What are the symptoms of a chronic disease?

    Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Loss of memory or concentration.
  • Sore throat.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in your neck or armpits.
  • Unexplained muscle or joint pain.
  • Headaches.
  • Unrefreshing sleep.
  • Extreme exhaustion lasting more than 24 hours after physical or mental exercise.
  • Is Fibromyalgia considered a chronic disease?

    Normalizing fibromyalgia as a chronic illness. Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex chronic disease that affects 3-10% of the general adult population and is principally characterized by widespread pain, and is often associated with disrupted sleep, fatigue, and comorbidities, among other symptoms.

    Is tuberculosis a chronic disease?

    About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills about half of those infected. The classic symptoms of active TB are a chronic cough with blood-containing sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. Infection of other organs can cause a wide range of symptoms.

    What can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes?

    It’s clear, however, that certain factors increase the risk, including: Weight. Being overweight is a primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin.

    Is anemia a chronic disease?

    This can lead to vitamin deficiency anemia, also known as pernicious anemia. Anemia of chronic disease. Certain diseases — such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn’s disease and other chronic inflammatory diseases — can interfere with the production of red blood cells.

    Is Endometriosis a chronic disease?

    Endometriosis may occur anywhere in the body, even in the brain, but the more common sites are the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, vagina, abdominal cavity, and colon. The disease can be painful before and during menstruation, and can lead to infertility.

    Why is hypertension often referred to as the silent killer?

    Untreated hypertension increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. These are the first and third commonest causes of death in the USA. Hypertension can also damage the kidneys and increase the risk of blindness and dementia. That is why hypertension is referred to as a “silent killer.”

    Is thyroid disease considered a chronic illness?

    Yes, hypothyroidism is a serious chronic illness. It must be treated with medication every day for life. However, symptoms generally respond well to treatment and come under control. If left untreated, hypothyroidism can result in a dangerous complication known as myxedema.

    Is lupus considered a chronic illness?

    Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that can damage any part of the body (skin, joints, and/or organs). “Chronic” means that the signs and symptoms tend to last longer than six weeks and often for many years.

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