What are the major economic activities in South America?

It was only from the 1990s when countries in South America switched over to the system of Free-Market economy. This eventually pulled countries in South America out of the debt crisis. Now, major economic activities include agriculture, industry, forestry, and mining.

So, what are the main exports of South America?

Exports: Sugar (most important export), nickel, cigars, fish and shellfish, medical products, citrus fruits, and coffee. Imports: Petroleum products, plastics, machinery, vehicles, iron and steel, wheat, and paper. Exports: Copper, gold, zinc, petroleum, coffee, potatoes, asparagus, textiles, and guinea pigs.

What is the main crop grown in the Andes?

In the valleys, maize was grown together with other crops of high food value, such as Andean grains (quinoa, amaranth), leguminous plants such as beans and lupins, and roots such as arracacha, yacón and chagos.

Which country of South America is more industrially developed?

Brazil, with its manufacturing core centring on São Paulo, has emerged as the industrial giant of the continent, followed by Argentina, Venezuela, and Chile. Meanwhile, the textile industry has played a significant role in virtually every South American country.

What are the largest economic resources in Latin America?

The main exports from Latin America are agricultural products and natural resources such as copper, iron, and petroleum. In 2016, the Latin American economy contracted 0.8% after a stagnant 2015.

What are the main crops grown in South America?

Many crops thrive in the tropical climates of South America. Cashews and Brazil nuts are cultivated. Fruits such as avocado, pineapple, papaya, and guava are also native to tropical South America. Two very important cash crops are coffee and cacao, which is the source of cocoa, the base ingredient in chocolate.

What is the economic system of Ecuador?

The economy of Ecuador is based mostly on exports of oil, bananas, shrimp, gold, other primary agricultural products and money transfers from nearly a million Ecuadorian emigrants employed abroad. In 2002, oil accounted for about one-third of public-sector revenue and 40% of export earnings.

What is the most common language in South America?

Portuguese is the majority language of South America, by a small margin. Spanish, with slightly fewer speakers than Portuguese, is the second most spoken language on the continent. Other official and majority languages in specific countries are: Dutch in Suriname.

What major islands or island groups are a part of South America?

Three major physiographic divisions constitute the West Indies: the Greater Antilles, comprising the islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and Puerto Rico; the Lesser Antilles, including the Virgin Islands, Anguilla, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat, Guadeloupe,

Is South America a developing country?

Brazil is not a developed country. Though it has several characteristics of one, including the largest economy in South America or Central America, Brazil is still considered as developing due to its low GDP per capita, low living standards, high infant mortality rate and other factors.

Which country of South America is more industrially developed?

Brazil, with its manufacturing core centring on São Paulo, has emerged as the industrial giant of the continent, followed by Argentina, Venezuela, and Chile. Meanwhile, the textile industry has played a significant role in virtually every South American country.

What are the main exports of South America?

Exports: Sugar (most important export), nickel, cigars, fish and shellfish, medical products, citrus fruits, and coffee. Imports: Petroleum products, plastics, machinery, vehicles, iron and steel, wheat, and paper. Exports: Copper, gold, zinc, petroleum, coffee, potatoes, asparagus, textiles, and guinea pigs.

What are the natural resources of South America?

South America’s major mineral resources are gold, silver, copper, iron ore, tin, and petroleum. These resources found in South America have brought high income to its countries especially in times of war or of rapid economic growth by industrialized countries elsewhere.

How many different languages are spoken in South America?

South America is one of the most linguistically diverse areas in the world with 37 language families, 448 languages of which over 70 are unclassified. Indigenous languages are used throughout the entire continent. They are spoken by over 11 million people alongside Spanish and Portuguese.

What is the source of most of South America’s electricity?

Brazil already generates 74% of its electricity from hydropower, and possesses the second largest hydroelectric project in the world with the 14GW Itaipu installation on the Parana River.

What are the plains of Argentina called?

The Pampas (from the Quechua pampa, meaning “plain”) are fertile South American lowlands that cover more than 750,000 km2 (289,577 sq mi) and include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and Córdoba; all of Uruguay; and the southernmost Brazilian State, Rio Grande do Sul.

What is a major natural resource in Latin America?

America and Caribbean (LAC) region, natural resource wealth has been critical for its economies. Production of precious metals, sugar, rubber, grains, coffee, copper, and oil have at various periods of history made countries in Latin America—and their colonial powers—some of the most prosperous in the world.

What is the climate in the South?

The climate of South America can be broadly divided into seven different climate types: Desert – Warm to high temperatures with very little rainfall. Grassland – Hot summers and cold winters with above average rainfall. Savanna – This region has very high temperatures all year and rain during the summer season only.

What is the name of the southernmost tip of South America?

This is a list of the extreme points of South America, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. The continent’s southernmost point is incorrectly often said to be Cape Horn, but Águila Islet of the Diego Ramirez Islands is actually the southernmost point.

What is the name of the sea to the north of South America?

South America is bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the northwest and north, the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast, east, and southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

What is the highest city in South America?

The Highest Cities in South America

  • La Rinconada. Sitting at an elevation of 5,130 meters above sea level, La Rinconada is the highest permanent settlement worldwide.
  • Parinacota. Parinacota is a tiny hamlet in the highlands of Chile.
  • Cerro de Pasco.
  • El Alto.
  • Potosi.
  • What are the 7 seas and 5 Oceans?

    Since the 19th century, the term has been taken to include seven oceanic bodies of water:

  • the Arctic Ocean.
  • the North Atlantic Ocean.
  • the South Atlantic Ocean.
  • the Indian Ocean.
  • the North Pacific Ocean.
  • the South Pacific Ocean.
  • the Southern (or Antarctic) Ocean.
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