Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings. Although tuberculosis is contagious, it’s not easy to catch.
Is pulmonary tuberculosis curable?
Pulmonary TB occurs when M. tuberculosis primarily attacks the lungs. However, it can spread from there to other organs. Pulmonary TB is curable with an early diagnosis and antibiotic treatment. If left untreated, the disease can cause life-threatening complications like permanent lung damage.
What does tuberculosis do to the human body?
When a person gets active TB disease, it means TB bacteria are multiplying and attacking the lung(s) or other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, bones, kidney, brain, spine, and even the skin. From the lungs, TB bacteria move through the blood or lymphatic system to different parts of the body.
Is tuberculosis transmitted through kissing?
The TB germs enter the air when a person with active TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. TB is NOT spread by shaking someone’s hand, sharing food or drink, touching bed linens or toilet seats, sharing toothbrushes or kissing. Not everyone who has the TB germ in their body becomes sick.