Chloroplasts are organelles in plant and bacteria cells that contain the chlorophyll used in photosynthesis. They are bound by a double membrane that contains many folds; this double membrane encloses many other membranous structures, called thylakoids.
Also to know is, what is the organelle used in cellular respiration?
What organelles are responsible for photosynthesis and cellular respiration?
Answer: Chloroplasts and mitochondria are the organelles involved in photosynthesis and cell respiration respectively.
What organelle does the process of photosynthesis occur?
What are the three things you need for photosynthesis?
In order to carry out photosynthesis, green plants need several ingredients.
Chlorophyll. Chlorophyll, the pigment in plants that makes them green, is essential to the photosynthetic process.
Sunlight. The process cannot work without an energy input, and this comes from the sun.
What are the organelles where photosynthesis takes place?
What are the organelles of photosynthesis?
What is the function of mitochondria in cells?
Mitochondria – Turning on the Powerhouse. Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles that act like a digestive system which takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy rich molecules for the cell. The biochemical processes of the cell are known as cellular respiration.
What organelle performs cellular respiration?
What is the organelle responsible for protein synthesis?
Ribosomes and Endoplasmic Reticulum. Ribosomes are the organelles responsible for protein translation and are composed of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and proteins. Some ribosomes are found in the cytoplasm, a gel-like substance that organelles float in and some are found in the rough endoplasmic reticulum.
What organelle is used in cellular respiration of oxygen is present?
The molecule used by cells to store and transfer energy is ATP 4. Glycolysis happens outside the mitochondria in the cytoplasm of the cell. 5. Cellular respiration happens when oxygen is present and includes glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and Electron transport.
Do plants perform cellular respiration Why or why not?
It is not just animals that respire – plants carry out respiration as well. Plants respire all the time because their cells need energy to stay alive, but plants can only photosynthesise when they are in the light. The diagrams summarise what this means for the overall release of carbon dioxide or oxygen from plants.
What happens during the process of photosynthesis?
Photosynthesis is the chemical change which happens in the leaves of green plants. Light energy is absorbed by chlorophyll, a green substance found in chloroplasts in some plant cells and algae. Absorbed light energy is used to convert carbon dioxide (from the air) and water (from the soil) into a sugar called glucose.
Where does photosynthesis take place in a cell?
What is the main waste product of photosynthesis?
Photosynthesis is the process by which plants use sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into usable energy called glucose. The waste product of photosynthesis is oxygen, which humans breathe.
What is the role of mitochondria in plants?
The most prominent roles of mitochondria are to produce the energy currency of the cell, ATP (i.e., phosphorylation of ADP), through respiration, and to regulate cellular metabolism. The central set of reactions involved in ATP production are collectively known as the citric acid cycle, or the Krebs cycle.
What is the purpose of the process of photosynthesis?
However, some folks have missed the purpose of photosynthesis. It’s not oxygen production. The primary function of photosynthesis is to convert solar energy into chemical energy and then store that chemical energy for future use.
Why are plants referred to as producers?
Plants are called producers. This is because they produce their own food! They do this by using light energy from the Sun, carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil to produce food – in the form of glucouse/sugar. The process is called photosynthesis.
What is the equation for photosynthesis in symbols and words?
A simple word equation that can be used to describe the process of photosynthesis is carbon dioxide + water —> glucose + oxygen + water. A balanced chemical equation for the process can be written as 6CO2 + 6H2O —> C6H12O6 + 6O2. Overall, photosynthesis uses light energy to convert carbon dioxide into a carbohydrate.
What organisms can do photosynthesis?
Although there are some differences between oxygenic photosynthesis in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria, the overall process is quite similar in these organisms. There are also many varieties of anoxygenic photosynthesis, used mostly by certain types of bacteria, which consume carbon dioxide but do not release oxygen.
What are the two stages of photosynthesis?
The two stages of photosynthesis: Photosynthesis takes place in two stages: light-dependent reactions and the Calvin cycle (light-independent reactions). Light-dependent reactions, which take place in the thylakoid membrane, use light energy to make ATP and NADPH.
What are the organelles involved in cellular respiration?
What are the factors that affect the rate of photosynthesis?
Three factors can limit the speed of photosynthesis: light intensity, carbon dioxide concentration and temperature.
Light intensity. Without enough light, a plant cannot photosynthesise very quickly, even if there is plenty of water and carbon dioxide.