What cellular process produces ATP molecules?

Cellular respiration is the process by which organic compounds (preferably glucose) are broken apart, releasing energy that is used to produce ATP molecules.

Similarly, what are the three ways to generate ATP in detail?

3 ways ATP is generated

  • Cellular respiration. aerobic, converts glucose to 36 ATP+co2+H2O.
  • Creatine phosphate breakdown. anaerobic, recharges ADP to ATP.
  • Fermentation. anaerobic, converts glucose to 2 ATP + lactic acid.
  • What is the process of ATP?

    ATP captures chemical energy obtained from the breakdown of food molecules and releases it to fuel other cellular processes. adenosine triphosphate (ATP)Adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, is the primary carrier of energy in cells. When energy is needed by the cell, it is converted from storage molecules into ATP.

    What process produces ATP in a cell?

    Aerobic cellular respiration uses glycolysis to start the Krebs cycle, which generates a high yield of ATP for every glucose molecule used. Anaerobic respiration produces a lower yield of ATP in the absence of oxygen.

    How ATP is produced in photosynthesis?

    In both cases the electron transport chain uses the energy to pump hydrogen ions across a membrane. The protons pass back through ATP synthase, driving the production of ATP. In photosynthesis this ATP is used to construct organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water.

    Which process breaks down sugars to make ATP when oxygen is present?

    Biology A Unit test 3QuestionAnswerWhich process breaks down sugars to make ATP when oxygen is presentcellular respirationThe part of cellular respiration in which glucose is broken down is calledglycolysisTwo products of the Krebs cycle areATP and CO-

    How do you make ATP?

    Glycolysis – begins glucose metabolism in all cells to produce 2 molecules of pyruvate. Occurs outside of mitochondria, usually in cytoplasm. Cellular Respiration – uses oxygen from the environment and converts each pyruvate to three molecules of carbon dioxide while trapping the energy released in this process in ATP.

    Which type of molecules found in the food we eat is most commonly broken down to make ATP?

    Chapter 4QuestionAnswerWhat molecule carries chemical energy that cellsuse for their functions?ATPWhat type of biomolecule found in the food we eat is most commonly broken down to make ATP?carbohydratesWhat reaction directly provides the energy needed for cell functions?A phosphate group isremoved from ATP

    What part of the cell produces ATP?

    Most eukaryotic cells contain many mitochondria, which occupy up to 25 percent of the volume of the cytoplasm. These complex organelles, the main sites of ATP production during aerobic metabolism, are among the largest organelles, generally exceeded in size only by the nucleus, vacuoles, and chloroplasts.

    Where does the energy come from to make ATP?

    The energy for the synthesis of ATP comes from the breakdown of foods and phosphocreatine (PC). Phosphocreatine is also known as creatine phosphate and like existing ATP; it is stored inside muscle cells. Because it is stored in muscle cells phosphocreatine is readily available to produce ATP quickly.

    Which process produces the most ATP?

    Here is the breakdown of net ATP production:

  • Glycolysis: 2 ATP.
  • Krebs Cycle: 2 ATP.
  • Oxidative Phosphorylation (Electron Transport Chain/Chemiosmosis): 28 ATP.
  • Which cells in the body would require the most ATP?

    The types of cells in the body that I would expect to require the most ATP are muscle cells. Muscle cells require larger amounts of ATP. They are responsible for all of our movements. Most of the energy burned during your day is through movement of your body by skeletal muscles.

    Which structure in the cell makes ATP?

    Krebs Cycle (or Citric Acid Cycle), in the mitochondrion, also produces 2 ATP, as well as electron carriers NADH and FADH2. The NADH and FADH2 are fed into the Electron Transport Chain in the inner membrane of the mitochondrion, which generates another 32 ATP.

    What reactions make the most ATP?

    Cellular respiration: requires oxygen to serve as the final electron acceptor in a series of redox reactions that generate ATP by oxidative phosphorylation. This is the most efficient method of ATP production (1 glucose generates 36 ATP) and involves reaction performed inside the mitochondria. 2.

    How much ATP is produced in citric acid cycle?

    The Krebs cycle produces two molecules of ATP for every molecule of glucose. The Krebs cycle also produces eight molecules of NADH and two molecules of FADH2 per molecule of glucose.

    What is ATP made up of?

    Its Structure. The ATP molecule is composed of three components. At the centre is a sugar molecule, ribose (the same sugar that forms the basis of RNA). Attached to one side of this is a base (a group consisting of linked rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms); in this case the base is adenine.

    How many ATP are produced in glycolysis?

    Glycolysis produces 2 ATP, 2 NADH, and 2 pyruvate molecules: Glycolysis, or the aerobic catabolic breakdown of glucose, produces energy in the form of ATP, NADH, and pyruvate, which itself enters the citric acid cycle to produce more energy.

    Where is food energy stored in ATP?

    Glucose, found in the food animals eat, is broken down during the process of cellular respiration into an energy source called ATP. When excess ATP and glucose are present, the liver converts them into a molecule called glycogen, which is stored for later use.

    How can ATP be broken down?

    an ATP molecule breaks down on the actin molecule. ADP and phosphate bind to the myosin head. ADP is broken down into ATP and phosphate. ATP is broken down into ADP and phosphate.

    Where is ATP made in a plant?

    Cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria. Following this logic: if plant cells use ATP, and ATP is made in the mitochondria, then plant cells must have mitochondria. Plants need to do something with all that glucose they make!

    Where is ATP used?

    Chemically, ATP is an adenine nucleotide bound to three phosphates. There is a lot of energy stored in the bond between the second and third phosphate groups that can be used to fuel chemical reactions. When a cell needs energy, it breaks this bond to form adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and a free phosphate molecule.

    How do skeletal muscles make ATP?

    While resting, skeletal muscle makes more ATP than it needs. As ATP is not very stable, the excess ATP transfers energy to creatine. That’s a molecule made by our muscles from amino acids. During contraction, the contractile protein myosin breaks down ATP producing ADP and phosphate.

    Where is ATP stored in a cell?

    The ATP molecule can store energy in the form of a high energy phosphate bond joining the terminal phosphate group to the rest of the molecule. In this form, energy can be stored at one location, then moved from one part of the cell to another, where it can be released to drive other biochemical reactions.

    How does ATP provide energy to the cell?

    Energy is usually liberated from the ATP molecule to do work in the cell by a reaction that removes one of the phosphate-oxygen groups, leaving adenosine diphosphate (ADP). When the ATP converts to ADP, the ATP is said to be spent.

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