Minority, a culturally, ethnically, or racially distinct group that coexists with but is subordinate to a more dominant group. As the term is used in the social sciences, this subordinancy is the chief defining characteristic of a minority group. As such, minority status does not necessarily correlate to population.
Similarly, what is a person who is a minority?
A minority person is a citizen of the United States who is African American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian Pacific, or Asian Indian. African American is a US citizen who has origins in any of the African racial groups of Africa, and is regarded as such by the community of which the person claims to be a part.
Is LGBT a minority?
Gender and sexuality minorities. An understanding of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people as a minority group or groups has gained prominence in the Western world since the 19th century. The abbreviation LGBT is currently used to group these identities together.
Who is a minority?
US Ethnic Minority Groups: Hispanics or Latinos such as Chicanos, Puerto Ricans, Cuban; Jews are also consider cultural minorities instead of religious minorities. Racial groups can also so have distinctive cultural traditions. Note: Ethnic minority can be either black or white or Asian American or Native American.
What is the legal definition of a minority?
minority – Legal Definition. n. An ethnic, religious, or other defined group of people who may face discrimination from the majority as a result of their differences. The condition of not yet being of legal age. A group of less than half of eligible voters.
What qualifies you to be Hispanic or Latino?
The U.S. Census Bureau defines the ethnonym Hispanic or Latino to refer to “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race” and states that Hispanics or Latinos can be of any race, any ancestry, any ethnicity.
What is a minority student?
There are many aspects to being a minority (sexual orientation, financial status, ethnicity etc.) but which on are people referring to when saying “Yeah he got mid-50’s SSAT, but he was a minority student.”
What are the ethnic minority groups?
An ethnic minority is a group of people who differ in race or color or in national, religious, or cultural origin from the dominant group — often the majority population — of the country in which they live.
What is a minority majority?
A majority–minority or minority–majority area is a term used in the United States to refer to a jurisdiction in which one or more racial and/or ethnic minorities (relative to the whole country’s population) make up a majority of the local population.
What are the characteristics of a minority group?
According to Charles Wagley and Marvin Harris (1958), a minority group is distinguished by five characteristics: (1) unequal treatment and less power over their lives, (2) distinguishing physical or cultural traits like skin color or language, (3) involuntary membership in the group, (4) awareness of subordination, and
What is a minority interest?
In accounting, minority interest (or non-controlling interest) is the portion of a subsidiary corporation’s stock that is not owned by the parent corporation. Also, minority interest is reported on the consolidated income statement as a share of profit belonging to minority shareholders.
What percentage of Native American do you need to be to qualify for benefits?
Most tribes require a specific percentage of Native “blood,” called blood quantum, in addition to being able to document which tribal member you descend from. Some tribes require as much as 25% Native heritage, and most require at least 1/16th Native heritage, which is one great-great grandparent.
What is meant by minority community?
It is the apex body for the central government’s regulatory and developmental programmes for the minority religious communities in India, which include Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains notified as minority communities as notified by GOI in Gazetteunder Section 2 (c) of the National
What does it mean to be in the minority?
a smaller party or group opposed to a majority, as in voting or other action. a group in society distinguished from, and less dominant than, the more numerous majority: The ethnic minority was disproportionately affected by the reduction in preventative medical services.
How is race different from ethnicity?
While race and ethnicity share an ideology of common ancestry, they differ in several ways. First of all, race is primarily unitary. You can only have one race, while you can claim multiple ethnic affiliations. You can identify ethnically as Irish and Polish, but you have to be essentially either black or white.
What is the one drop rule?
The one-drop rule is a social and legal principle of racial classification that was historically prominent in the United States asserting that any person with even one ancestor of sub-Saharan African ancestry (“one drop” of black blood) is considered black (Negro in historical terms), its implications of racial purity
What are the rights of the minority?
Minority rights are the normal individual rights as applied to members of racial, ethnic, class, religious, linguistic or gender and sexual minorities; and also the collective rights accorded to minority groups. Minority rights may also apply simply to individual rights of anyone who is not part of a majority decision.
How Race is socially constructed?
Race is not biological. It is a social construct. There is no gene or cluster of genes common to all blacks or all whites. Were race “real” in the genetic sense, racial classifications for individuals would remain constant across boundaries.
What is an example of a dominant group?
Wirth (1945) defined: minority – people who are singled out for unequal treatment, and who view themselves as objects of collective discrimination. dominant group – not a majority, but group with power, privileges, and social status.
What does it mean to be a person of color?
The term “person of color” (plural: people of color, persons of color; sometimes abbreviated POC) is used primarily in the United States to describe any person who is not white. The term encompasses all non-white people, emphasizing common experiences of systemic racism.
How does discrimination become institutionalized?
Institutionalized discrimination refers to the unjust and discriminatory mistreatment of an individual or group of individuals by society and its institutions as a whole, through unequal selection or bias, intentional or unintentional; as opposed to individuals making a conscious choice to discriminate.
What is the racial makeup of the United States?
Population of the United States by Race and Hispanic/Latino Origin, Census 2000 and 2010Race and Hispanic/Latino originCensus 2010, populationPercent of populationWhite196,817,55263.7Black or African American37,685,84812.2American Indian and Alaska Native2,247,098.7Asian14,465,1244.7
What is the definition of dominant group?
The classic sociological definition of dominant group is a group with power, privileges, and social status. Another related definition is a social group that controls the value system and rewards in a particular society. The dominant group is often in the majority but not necessarily.