Healthy fingernails and toenails should generally be a pink color – with the healthy nail plate being pink, and the nail being white in color as it grows off the nail bed. Fingernail color and condition changes are rarely the first clue of serious illness.
What vitamin deficiency causes Beau’s lines?
Koilonychia is associated with iron deficiency and protein deficiency, especially deficiency of sulfur-containing amino acids. Beau’s lines are transverse depressions in the nail plate caused by temporary cessation of nail growth. Researchers have proposed severe zinc deficiency as a cause of Beau’s lines.
What does red nail beds mean?
—Yellowish nails with a slight blush at the base indicates possible diabetes. —Half-white, half-pink nails are a sign of kidney disease. —Red nail beds can signal heart disease. —Pale or white nail beds may indicate anemia. —Pitting or rippling of the nail surface can be a sign of psoriasis or inflammatory arthritis.
Why do the ends of your nails turn white?
The reason the lunula is a different color is because those are the keratin nail cells that are plump and still alive. Usually, they are fairly clear just as they move past the fingertip, then turn white because they aren’t being ‘hydrated’ by a continuous upward flow of body oil and moisture from the nail bed.
What is Trachyonychia?
Trachyonychia, sometimes called sandpapered nails, is a condition characterized by rough accentuated linear ridges (longitudinal striations) on the nails of the fingers and toes. Trachonychia is often seen in vitiligo patients – suggesting that they are more susceptible to this condition.
Why do I have pitted nails?
Nail pitting is often a sign of another condition that can include: psoriasis, which causes skin inflammation. eczema, a long-term skin condition that makes the skin red, itchy, and cracked. reactive arthritis or inflammation caused by an infection elsewhere.
What does it mean when your nails have horizontal ridges?
They may look like indentations or ridges in the nail plate. Beau’s lines are horizontal, going across the nail, and should not be confused with vertical ridges going from the bottom (cuticle) of the nail out to the fingertip. These vertical lines are usually a natural consequence of aging and are harmless.
What are the nail diseases and disorders?
Some of the causes of nail disorders include the following:
Infections (such as paronychia, warts, and green nail syndrome)
Internal diseases (such as certain lung diseases, which can cause yellow nail syndrome)
Nail fungus (onychomycosis)
Structural problems (such as an ingrown toenail)
What does it mean when you have white spots on your nails?
Leukonychia is a condition where white lines or dots appear on your finger or toenails. This is a very common issue and entirely harmless. The spots may affect one nail or several. The most common cause of leukonychia is injury to the nail bed. These injuries can occur if you pinch or strike your nail or finger.
Why do my nails keep peeling?
When hands are routinely exposed to water or even cold, dry air, the top layers of your nails can “delaminate ” and therefore peel. Usually, polish will help seal the layers together. Using a good hand lotion also helps. However, excessive peeling may mean your diet is lacking in a nutrient called linoleic acid.
Why do you have nails?
To this day, humans sport broader fingertips than other primates. Whether fingernails are an adaptation that helps to support broad fingertips or a side effect from the loss of claws is unclear, Hawks said. Another reason for fingernails: They serve as a visual advertisement of a person’s health, he said.
What is the cause of black nails?
Fungal infections: While these often look white or yellow, fungal infections can sometimes cause black toenails from debris buildup. Such spots can also occur underneath nail beds. Trauma: Usually caused by an injury, trauma to the toenail can cause the blood vessels beneath a nail to break.
What is the meaning of discolored nails?
Nail discoloration, in which the nails appear white, yellow, or green, can result from different infections and conditions of the skin. In about 50% of cases, discolored nails are a result of infections with common fungi that can be found in the air, dust, and soil.
What vitamin deficiency causes vertical lines in fingernails?
So a skin condition such as eczema may lead to fingernail ridges. Skin dryness can also cause these ridges. If your body is low in protein, calcium, zinc, or vitamin A, a deficiency can sometimes be revealed by ridges in your fingernails.
What is nail malformation?
Nail abnormalities are problems with the color, shape, texture, or thickness of the fingernails or toenails.
What is a Onycholysis?
Onycholysis is a common nail disorder. It is the loosening or separation of a fingernail or toenail from its nail bed. It usually starts at the tip of the nail and progresses back.
What can cause Beau’s lines?
However, Beau’s lines can result from any disease process or illness that is severe enough to affect the growth plate of the nail. Malnutrition and chemotherapy drugs for cancer can also cause Beau’s lines. Trauma or injury may also be a cause of Beau’s lines or nail ridges.
What does it mean when your nails turn brown?
It has been said that our nails are the window to our health. A yellowish coloring of the nails may also be caused by diabetes, lung problems, arthritis, lupus, certain medications, lymphatic system disorders and liver disease. Not having enough vitamin B-12 can cause nails to turn dark, thin and possibly spoon shaped.
What do your nails say about your health?
Nails and Health: Read the Signs. A touch of white here, a rosy tinge there, or some rippling or bumps may be a sign of disease in the body. Problems in the liver, lungs, and heart can show up in your nails.
What causes fingernails to turn blue gray?
Blue fingernails are caused by a low level or lack of oxygen circulating in your red blood cells. This condition is known as cyanosis. Cold temperatures can also cause your fingernails to turn blue. That’s because cold temperatures force your blood vessels to constrict.