What do the mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?

Even though both organelles are found in eukaryotic cells, both mitochondria and chloroplast have characteristics often found in prokaryotic cells. These prokaryotic cell characteristics include: an enclosed double membrane, circular DNA, and bacteria-like ribosomes.

Moreover, how are mitochondria and chloroplasts similar How are they different?

Both animal and plant cells have mitochondria, but only plant cells have chloroplasts. Mitochondria generate ATP from glucose during cellular respiration, chloroplasts generate ATP from light to create glucose for storage. The space within mitochontria is called matrix, the same thing in chloroplasts is called stroma.

How are mitochondria and chloroplasts similar to one another?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts have striking similarities to bacteria cells. They have their own DNA, which is separate from the DNA found in the nucleus of the cell. And both organelles use their DNA to produce many proteins and enzymes required for their function.

What is the relationship between mitochondria and chloroplasts in plant cells?

The energy contained in these sugars is harvested through a process called cellular respiration, which happens in the mitochondria of both plant and animal cells. Chloroplasts are disc-shaped organelles found in the cytosol of a cell. They have outer and inner membranes with an intermembrane space between them.

What are the 2 things needed for cellular respiration to occur?

What two things are needed for cellular respiration? What three things are produced by cellular respiration? Photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts and produces glucose, water and oxygen. Cellular respiration takes place in mitochondria and produces water, carbon dioxide, and ATP (energy).

How does the cell use the energy produced by mitochondria?

Mitochondria are the energy factories of the cells. The energy currency for the work that animals must do is the energy-rich molecule adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This ATP production by the mitochondria is done by the process of respiration, which in essence is the use of oxygen in a process which generates energy.

Which organelle is the storehouse for the most of a cell’s genetic information?

DeckerQuestionAnswerWhich organelle is the storehouse for most of a cell’s genetic information?nucleusPhrase that describes rough ERstudded with ribosomesWhich organelles supply energy to the cellmitrochondriaWhich organelles contain enzymes that break down old cell parts?lysosomes

What is the function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?

The smooth endoplasmic reticulum, or smooth ER, is an organelle found in both animal cells and plant cells. An organelle is a sub-unit within a cell that has a specialized function. The main function of the smooth ER is to make cellular products like hormones and lipids.

How do plants and animals obtain energy for life?

Animal cells use mitochondria to convert energy into food, and plant cells use chloroplasts to convert light into energy through photosynthesis.

Where are chlorophyll molecules located within the chloroplasts?

The green pigment chlorophyll is located within the thylakoid membrane, and the space between the thylakoid and the chloroplast membranes is called the stroma (Figure 3, Figure 4).

What part of the cell controls the materials that enter and leave the cell?

A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or leave the cell. A cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell. The region between the cell membrane and the nucleus; in organisms without a nucleus, the region located inside the cell membrane.

Where would you find a lot of mitochondria in the human body?

Just as a car runs on gasoline, your cells run on ATP. What cells have the most mitochondria? It’s your heart muscle cells – with about 5,000 mitochondria per cell – that contain far more mitochondria than any other organ in body!

Do mitochondria have different DNA?

Mitochondria are structures within cells that convert the energy from food into a form that cells can use. Although most DNA is packaged in chromosomes within the nucleus, mitochondria also have a small amount of their own DNA. This genetic material is known as mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA.

What happens when pigments absorb light?

What happens when light is absorbed by a molecule such as chlorophyll? The energy from the light excites an electron from its ground energy level to an excited energy level (Figure 19.7).

Are mitochondria found in plant cells?

Structurally, plant and animal cells are very similar because they are both eukaryotic cells. They both contain membrane-bound organelles such as the nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, lysosomes, and peroxisomes. These structures include: chloroplasts, the cell wall, and vacuoles.

Are chloroplasts found in animal cells?

Chloroplasts are the food producers of the cell. The organelles are only found in plant cells and some protists such as algae. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells.

What is the purpose of the cristae in the mitochondria?

Mitochondrial cristae are folds of the mitochondrial inner membrane that provide an increase in the surface area. This allows a greater space for processes that happen across this membrane. The electron transport chain and chemiosmosis are the processes which help produce ATP in the final steps of cellular respiration.

What organelle breaks down and recycle worn out cells?

Cells and Their Organelles Packet QuestionsQuestionAnswerFood, water, and wastes are stored insidevacuolesDigestion takes place inside what and containing whatlysosomes containing digestive enzymesThe largest organelle in plants is thecentral vacuoleWhat organelle breaks down and recycles worn out cells?lysosomes

How are mitochondria and chloroplasts similar How are they different?

Chloroplast Function. Chloroplasts are very similar to mitochondria, but are found only in the cells of plants and some algae. Like mitochondria, chloroplasts produce food for their cells. Chloroplasts help turn sunlight into food that can be used by the cell, a process known as photosynthesis.

How are the mitochondria and chloroplasts different?

The Differences Between Mitochondria and Chloroplasts in Structure. Both the chloroplast and the mitochondrion are organelles found in the cells of plants, but only mitochondria are found in animal cells. The function of chloroplasts and mitochondria is to generate energy for the cells in which they live.

How are the mitochondria and chloroplasts similar?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts have striking similarities to bacteria cells. They have their own DNA, which is separate from the DNA found in the nucleus of the cell. And both organelles use their DNA to produce many proteins and enzymes required for their function.

What do cells gain from having mitochondria What about chloroplasts?

The organelles are only found in plant cells and some protists such as algae. Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells. The entire process is called photosynthesis and it all depends on the little green chlorophyll molecules in each chloroplast.

Originally posted 2022-03-31 04:45:05.

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