What is a block Fuhrer?

Blockführer (Block Leader) was a paramilitary title of the SS, specific to the Totenkopfverbande (Concentration Camp Service). An SS-Blockführer was typically in charge of a prisoner barracks ranging from two hundred to three hundred concentration camp prisoners; in larger camps, this number could be as a high as 1000.

Correspondingly, what happened in Block 11 at Auschwitz?

Block 11 was the name of a brick building in the Auschwitz concentration camp. The Block was in the so-called Stammlager (Auschwitz I main camp) and was intended solely to punish prisoners through torture.

Who was in control of Auschwitz?

It was Glücks who may be seen as the direct superior to the camp commandant of Auschwitz, SS-Obersturmbannführer Rudolf Höss. In addition to this direct chain of command, the geographical location of Auschwitz placed some of its supply and wartime functions under the authority of Regional SS and Nazi Party leaders.

How many people were killed in Auschwitz?

The best estimates of the number of victims at the Auschwitz concentration camp complex, including the killing center at Auschwitz-Birkenau, between 1940 and 1945 are: Jews (1,095,000 deported to Auschwitz, of whom 960,000 died); Poles (147,000 deported, of whom 74,000 died); Roma (23,000 deported, of whom 21,000 died

What happened in Block 11 at Auschwitz?

Block 11. Block 11 was the name of a brick building in the Auschwitz concentration camp. The Block was in the so-called Stammlager (Auschwitz I main camp) and was intended solely to punish prisoners through torture. It was at Block 11 that the first attempts to kill people with Zyklon B were implemented.

Who is in charge of the concentration camps?

Hitler then authorized SS chief leader Heinrich Himmler to centralize the administration of the concentration camps and formalize them into a system. Himmler chose SS Lieutenant General Theodor Eicke for this task. Eicke had been the commandant of the SS concentration camp at Dachau since June 1933.

Who is responsible for Auschwitz?

Pohl’s subordinate, SS-Gruppenführer Richard Glücks, served as the Amtschef (Department Chief) of the Concentration Camps Inspectorate which was known as “Department D” within the WVHA. It was Glücks who may be seen as the direct superior to the camp commandant of Auschwitz, SS-Obersturmbannführer Rudolf Höss.

What is a killing center?

The Nazis established killing centers for efficient mass murder. Unlike concentration camps, which served primarily as detention and labor centers, killing centers (also referred to as “extermination camps” or “death camps”) were almost exclusively “death factories.”

How many guards were there at Auschwitz?

About 200,000 inmates of the camp between 1940 and 1945 survived; Out of a total of about 7,000 guards at Auschwitz, including 170 female staff (the most infamous was Irma Grese, the 20-year-old daughter of a dairyman), 750 were prosecuted and punished after Nazi Germany was defeated.

Who was the first commander of Auschwitz?

Rudolf Höss

What was block 11 used for?

On the other side of Block 11 is the gravel pit which was used as an execution site for Polish Catholic political prisoners. Behind the laundry is the former theater building, which was used for storage of the property taken from the prisoners when they arrived.

What was the purpose of the Theresienstadt ghetto?

Theresienstadt concentration camp, also referred to as Theresienstadt ghetto, was a concentration camp established by the SS during World War II in the garrison city of Terezín (German: Theresienstadt), located in German-occupied Czechoslovakia.

What was the name of the poison used in the gas chambers?

A gas chamber is an apparatus for killing humans or other animals with gas, consisting of a sealed chamber into which a poisonous or asphyxiant gas is introduced. The most commonly used poisonous agent is hydrogen cyanide; carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide have also been used.

Who is the head of the SA?

Ernst Röhm

Who ran the Gestapo?

Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei) State secret-police of Nazi Germany. Founded in 1933 by Goering, it became a powerful, national organization under Himmler from 1934, as an arm of the SS. With up to 50,000 members by 1945, the Gestapo and SS ran the concentration camps.

What is the difference between the SS and the Gestapo?

The SS were an elite within the Nazi Party’s paramilitary forces. Originally a special bodyguard for Hitler, they expanded steadily and had their own regular military units during the war. The Gestapo were Secret Police, formed out of the existing state police after the Nazis took power.

What is the SS lightning bolt?

Cracker Bolts, SS Lightning Bolts, Lightning Bolts. Hate Acronyms/Abbreviations. Neo-Nazi Symbols. The SS Bolts are a common white supremacist/neo-Nazi symbol derived from Schutzstaffel (SS) of Nazi Germany. The SS, led by Heinrich Himmler, maintained the police state of Nazi Germany.

What does the lightning bolt on tinder mean?

That’s why the company is announcing Boost — a new feature that lets you pay to skip to the front of the line. For 30 minutes, you’re put on top of the deck. After the short boost, you get to see how many more people you’ve reached, and all the matched you made during that time are marked with a purple lightning bolt.

What does a lightning bolt on a car mean?

What is that Lightning Bolt light on my dash? That light is the Electronic Throttle Control Light or ETC Light. When this light is on it is warning you that there is a potential concern with the throttle control. It is best to get the vehicle to an Authorized Dealer at your earliest convenience.

How much does it cost to replace the throttle body?

Know what price you should pay to get your vehicle fixed. The average cost for a throttle body service is between $226 and $290. Labor costs are estimated between $220 and $278 while parts are priced between $6 and $12.

What causes a red lightning bolt?

Red, orange, or yellow terrestrial lightning is caused by the presence of fine dust or smoke particles suspended in the atmosphere between the bolt and the observer. It can also occur during dusty volcanic lightning. All low-altitude lightning discharges are inherently brilliant blue-white in color.

Can lightning be blue?

Weird Blue Lightning Explained. dangerous lightning appears as “bolts from the blue” — lightning that begins upward, but then moves sideways and then downward to hit the ground as much as three miles from a thunderstorm. About 90 percent of lightning occurs inside clouds and is not visible to the casual observer.

Why is lightning white?

Lightning traveling through open air emits white light, but can appear in different colors depending on local atmospheric conditions. Distant lightning can appear red or orange the same way the setting sun does, due to moisture, haze, dust, etc in the lower levels of the atmosphere.

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