An intercooler, or “Charge-Air Cooler”, is an air-to-air or air-to-liquid heat exchange device used on turbocharged and supercharged (forced induction) internal combustion engines to improve their volumetric efficiency by increasing intake air-charge density through isochoric cooling.
Subsequently, one may also ask, what is the purpose of the aftercooler?
Intercooler and After-cooler are same device serving same purpose. In general, an intercooler or aftercooler is said to be a Charge-Air Cooler. A Charge-Air Cooler is used to cool engine air after it has passed through a turbocharger(or supercharger), but before it enters the engine.
What is inter cooling?
Intercooling is the process of cooling the heated (and pressurized) intake air after the turbocharger or supercharger before it enters the combustion chamber.
How does an intercooler work?
An intercooler is an intake air cooling device commonly used on turbocharged and supercharged engines. An intercooler cools the air compressed by the turbo/supercharger, reducing its temperature and thereby increasing the density of the air supplied to the engine.
What is a charge cooler?
A charge air cooler is used to cool engine air after it has passed through a turbocharger, but before it enters the engine. The idea is to return the air to a lower temperature, for the optimum power for the combustion process within the engine.
Do turbo cars have radiators?
These are not to be confused with intercoolers. Some engines have an oil cooler, a separate small radiator to cool the engine oil. Turbo charged or supercharged engines may have an intercooler, which is an air-to-air or air-to-water radiator used to cool the incoming air charge—not to cool the engine.
How does a super charger work?
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine. This gives each intake cycle of the engine more oxygen, letting it burn more fuel and do more work, thus increasing power.
What is the use of turbocharger?
A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine’s efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.
Why intercooler is used in air compressor?
Intercooler is a cooling device .which is generally used in between high pressure and low pressure compressor in brayton cycle .It’s function is to reduce the temperature of air to initial temperature at constant pressure in order to reduce compression work.
What does a turbo do?
The turbocharger on a car applies a very similar principle to a piston engine. It uses the exhaust gas to drive a turbine. This spins an air compressor that pushes extra air (and oxygen) into the cylinders, allowing them to burn more fuel each second.
What does a wastegate valve do?
A wastegate is a valve that diverts exhaust gases away from the turbine wheel in a turbocharged engine system. Diversion of exhaust gases regulates the turbine speed, which in turn regulates the rotating speed of the compressor.
What is a screamer pipe for?
A screamer pipe is a type of exhaust configuration fitted to some automotive turbocharged petrol engines with an external wastegate set-up, known for its loud noise.
What is a turbo flutter?
When you’re flat out and your turbocharged engine is producing peak boost, you have fast airflow at high pressure traveling through your intake system after the turbo compressor. The fluttering you hear is the air escaping back through the turbo as the compressor wheel fights this motion.
Why does a compressor surge?
Surge is defined as the operating point at which centrifugal compressor peak head capability and minimum flow limits are reached. Actually, the working principle of a centrifugal compressor is increasing the kinetic energy of the fluid with a rotating impeller.
What is turbo boost surge?
When your turbocharged engine is under load, the engine is consuming air (airflow), and your turbo is creating pressure (boost). That fluttering noise is the sound of a turbo operating in compressor surge, as the compressor ‘chops’ through the air rather than pushing the air into the engine.
What is the surge line?
Above this line is a region of unstable flow, which is an area best avoided. A compressor surge typically causes an abrupt reversal of the airflow through the unit, as the pumping action of the airfoils stall (akin to an aircraft wing stalling).
What is compressor stall and surge?
A compressor stall is a local disruption of the airflow in a gas turbine or turbocharger compressor. It is related to compressor surge, which is a complete disruption of the flow through the compressor.
What can cause a compressor stall?
A compressor stall occurs when there is an imbalance between the air flow supply and the airflow demand; in other words, a pressure ratio that is incompatible with the engine RPM. When this occurs, smooth airflow is interrupted and turbulence and pressure fluctuations are created within the turbine.
What causes surge in a centrifugal compressor?
Surge. Surge – is the point at which the compressor cannot add enough energy to overcome the system resistance or backpressure. This causes a rapid flow reversal (i.e., surge). As a result, high vibration, temperature increases, and rapid changes in axial thrust can occur.
What is surging and stalling?
It will come to a point that the whole flow over the airfoil separates, starting from the LE. This condition is called stall. It is a local phenomenon. Surging is the complete breakdown of steady through flow, affecting the whole machine, in other words, when stalling takes place on all the blades simultaneously.
What is surging and choking?
CHOKING. Consider the following operating curve: Compressor operates, somewhere between Surge point and Stonewall Point also known as Choking Point. We know what’ll happen if flow is decreased, and pressure increases. Its called surge.
What is surging in pumps?
surge is a dynamic instability that occurs in dynamic compressors. surge can also occur in axial and centrifugal pumps and blowers, but the occurrence is less fre- quent and the damage less severe. pump surge seldom occurs except infrequently during cavitation and two-phase flow (ref. 15).
What are Aftercoolers?
Aftercoolers are heat exchangers for cooling the discharge from a air compressor. They use either air or water and are an effective means of removing moisture from compressed air. Aftercoolers reduce the amount of water vapor in a compressed air system by condensing the water vapor into liquid form.
What is a pressure surge?
Surge pressures (water hammer) in piping systems are generated by changes in the velocity of flow in a system. These sudden velocity changes can be caused by the operation of valves and pumps, or by expulsion of air from the piping system.