Drive theory is the relationship between arousal and performance. Increase in arousal is proportional to increase the performance of the player. The quality of the player depends on how well they are good at the sport and their skill.
What is the drive theory in psychology?
Drive-reduction theory was first developed by Clark Hull in 1943. According to this theory, deviations from homeostasis create physiological needs. These needs result in psychological drive states that direct behavior to meet the need and, ultimately, bring the system back to homeostasis.
What is Hull’s drive theory?
According to such theorists as Clark Hull and Kenneth Spence, drive reduction is a major cause of learning and behavior. Primary drives are innate drives (e.g. thirst, hunger, and sex), whereas secondary drives are learned by conditioning (e.g. money).
What is the reversal theory?
Reversal Theory is a psychological theory focusing on motivation and emotion. Whereas many theories of personality focus on hard-wired preferences, Reversal Theory focuses instead on an individual’s changeability and flexibility.
What is IZOF model?
The most popular account for the relationship between arousal and performance is the model of Individual Zones of Optimal Functioning (Hanin, 1997, 2000). IZOF proposes that there are individual differences in the way people react to anxiety.
What is the reversal theory in sport psychology?
Reversal theory is a theory of personality, motivation and emotion in the field of psychology. Reversal theory has been developed primarily by British psychologist Dr. Michael J. Apter since its inception in the mid-1970s by Dr. Apter and psychiatrist Dr. Ken Smith.
What is the Multidimensional Anxiety Theory?
Theory that predicts that an increase in cognitive state anxiety (worry) has a negative effect on performance. The theory is based on the premise that state anxiety is multidimensional with its two components (cognitive anxiety and somatic anxiety) influencing performance differently.
What is the instinct theory?
The Instinct Theory of Motivation views biological or genetic programming as the cause of motivation. This claim means that all humans have the same motivations due to our similar biological programming. This theory says that the root of all motivations is the motivation to survive.
Who invented the catastrophe theory?
Catastrophe theory is a method for describing the evolution of forms in nature. It was invented by René Thom in the 1960’s. Thom expounded the philosophy behind the theory in his 1972 book Structural stability and morphogenesis.
What is meant by a dominant response?
In social psychology, the dominant response is “the reaction elicited most quickly and easily by a given stimulus”. Increased arousal “enhances an individual’s tendency to perform the dominant response”.
Who came up with the inverted U hypothesis?
The Inverted-U model (also known as the Yerkes-Dodson Law), was created by psychologists Robert Yerkes and John Dodson as long ago as 1908. Despite its age, it’s a model that has stood the test of time. It shows the relationship between pressure (or arousal) and performance.
What is the inverted you?
The relationship between changes in arousal and motivation is often expressed as an inverted-U function (also known as the Yerkes-Dodson law). The basic concept is that, as arousal level increases, performance improves, but only to a point, beyond which increases in arousal lead…
What is Kuznets hypothesis?
In economics, a Kuznets curve graphs the hypothesis that as an economy develops, market forces first increase and then decrease economic inequality. The hypothesis was first advanced by economist Simon Kuznets in the 1950s and ’60s.
What is cognitive anxiety in sport?
Somatic anxiety is the physical symptoms of anxiety, such as butterflies in the stomach. It is commonly contrasted with cognitive anxiety, which is the mental manifestations of anxiety, or the specific thought processes that occur during anxiety, such as concern or worry.
What is optimal arousal in sport?
Optimal arousal is required for athletes to perform their best. Arousal is different to anxiety as it is a physiological response similar to getting excited before an event. High intensity contact sports have a higher optimal arousal level than low intensity non-contact sports.
What is arousal and performance?
Arousal is a major aspect of many learning theories and is closely related to other concepts such as anxiety, attention, agitation, stress, and motivation. One finding with respect to arousal is the Yerkes-Dodson law which predicts an inverted U-shaped function between arousal and performance.
How does stress make us more vulnerable to disease?
Stress diverts energy from the immune system, inhibiting the activities of its B and T lymphocytes, macrophages, and NK cells. Stress does not cause diseases such as AIDS and cancer, but by altering our immune functioning it may make us more vulnerable to them and influence their progression.
Do gestures and facial expressions mean the same thing in all cultures?
much of our communication is through body movements, facial expressions, and voice tones. Do gestures and facial expressions mean the same thing in all cultures. the meaning of gestures varies with culture, but facial expressions, such as those of happiness and fear, are common world over.
What is the body’s natural antidote to stress called?
The body’s natural antidote to stress is called the relaxation response. It’s the opposite of stress, and is a feeling of well-being and calm. You can activate the relaxation response simply by relaxing.
What is an event that causes stress called?
3. an event or situation that causes stress 4. The four types of stressors are major life changes, catastrophes, everyday problems, and environmental problems. Check that students have given a suitable example of each type of stressor.
What are the signs and symptoms of stress overload?
Physical symptoms of stress include:
Upset stomach, including diarrhea, constipation, and nausea.
Aches, pains, and tense muscles.
Chest pain and rapid heartbeat.
Frequent colds and infections.
Loss of sexual desire and/or ability.
What are 5 emotional signs of stress?
Depression or general unhappiness.
Anxiety and agitation.
Moodiness, irritability, or anger.
Loneliness and isolation.
Other mental or emotional health problems.
Can you die from a lot of stress?
Severe Stress and Depression Increase Risk of Early Death. People in the study who had high levels of both stress and depression were 48 percent more likely to die or have a heart attack during the study period, compared with the group that had low levels of stress and depression, the researchers said.