The iliac fossa is a large, smooth, concave surface on the internal surface of the ilium (part of the 3 fused bones making the hip bone). The fossa is bounded above by the iliac crest, and below by the arcuate line; in front and behind, by the anterior and posterior borders of the ilium.
Also to know is, what does fossa mean in anatomy and physiology?
[fos´ah] (pl. fos´sae) (L.) a trench or channel; in anatomy, a hollow or depressed area. amygdaloid fossa the depression in which the tonsil is lodged. cerebral fossa any of the depressions on the floor of the cranial cavity.
What are the fossa of the human skull?
The skull base is the caudal boundary of the cerebral cranium. The skull base comprises parts of the frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, occipital and temporal bones. Cranial Fossae (Middle cranial fossa) – cranial view. The face is referred to as all skull bones fronto-caudally connected to the cerebral cranium.
Where is the fossa found?
The Fossa is a medium-sized carnivore that is found exclusively on the island of Madagascar. The Fossa belongs to the Malagasy Carnivores group which are thought to have descended from Mongoose-like ancestors that arrived on Madagascar from Africa up to 24 million years ago.
What is iliac fossa pain?
Right iliac fossa pain is a common surgical problem. The most common cause of pain in the right iliac fossa is acute appendicitis. Other causes could be right ovarian torsion, hemorrhage within right ovarian cyst, right ureteric colic or amoebic colitis etc.
What is right iliac fossa pain?
Febrile pain in the right iliac fossa is one of the most common reasons for consulting at an emergency service. Within this framework, the main diagnosis that is considered is appendicitis, the main complication of which is perforation.
What is iliac fossa mass?
Masses arising from the left iliac fossa are comparatively fewer in number compared to the upper abdomen and the right iliac fossa; most common differential diagnosis for a left iliac fossa mass include diverticulitis, colon cancer, ovarian mass, fibroids, lymph node swelling, enlarged undescended testis, loaded colon
What does RIF mean in medical terms?
right iliac fossa
What organs are in the right iliac region?
Each of the regions hold their own important organs:
Right hypcochondrium – Small intestine, right kidney, gallbladder, liver.
Left hypochondrium – Pancreas, left kidney, colon, spleen.
Right lumbar region – Right colon, liver, gallbladder.
What is the left iliac fossa?
The left iliac fossa corresponds to the anatomical region of the left colon and the left ovary in women. The descending colon extends from the splenic flexure to the sigmoid colon. It is located deep in the left lumbar fossa and left iliac fossa, continuing vertically at an oblique angle anteriorly.
What organ is in the left iliac region?
Here, we have the stomach, liver, and the pancreas. The adrenal glands and the first part of the small intestine, the duodenum, are also found in region 2. Region 3 is known as the left hypochondriac region, which contains organs such as the spleen, colon, left kidney, and pancreas.
What is Lif pain?
Causes of acute LIF pain. Gastrointestinal causes. Gastroenteritis: however, this commonly causes more generalised abdominal pain. It is the most common cause of abdominal pain in children with viral causes being most frequent.
What is the cause of acute appendicitis?
What Causes Acute Appendicitis? Appendicitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection, although the reason the appendix becomes infected is unknown. The appendix may become obstructed by a lump of feces, calcium salts, and fecal debris (called fecaliths) or tumors (rarely), leading to inflammation and infection.
What is mesenteric Adenitis?
Mesenteric adenitis is a condition that more often affects children and teenagers. It causes inflammation and swelling in the lymph nodes inside the abdomen. Mesenteric adenitis affects lymph nodes in tissue called mesentery. This tissue connects the intestines to the abdominal wall.
What are mesenteric lymph nodes?
Mesenteric lymphadenitis is an inflammation of lymph nodes. The lymph nodes that become inflamed are in a membrane that attaches the intestine to the abdominal wall. These lymph nodes are among the hundreds that help your body fight disease. They trap and destroy microscopic “invaders” like viruses or bacteria.
What are the signs that you have a cancerous lymph node?
Signs and Symptoms of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Enlarged lymph nodes.
Sweating and chills.
Fatigue (extreme tiredness)
Swollen abdomen (belly)
Feeling full after only a small amount of food.
Chest pain or pressure.
What does enlarged lymph nodes in stomach mean?
The most common cause of swollen mesenteric lymphadenitis is a viral infection, such as gastroenteritis — often called stomach flu. This infection causes the lymph nodes in the mesentery — the thin tissue that attaches your intestine to the back of your abdominal wall — to become inflamed.
How deadly is lymphoma cancer?
Over time, these cancerous cells impair your immune system. Lymphomas are divided into two categories: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. About 12 percent of people with lymphoma have Hodgkin lymphoma. Because of breakthrough research, this once fatal diagnosis has been transformed into a curable condition.
How bad of cancer is lymphoma?
By the time the doctor pulled up that chair, Dave’s non-Hodgkin lymphoma was in stage 4—the final stage. That is when cancer cells have spread to one or more of the body organs. It is called “widespread disease.” A cancer diagnosis is bad for the patient and sometimes even worse for the spouse.
What are the early signs of lymphoma?
Additional Hodgkin lymphoma signs may include:
Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarms or groin.
Drenching night sweats.
Feeling tired all the time.
Unexplained weight loss.
Abdominal pain or swelling, feeling of fullness.
What are the signs of lymphoma cancer?
Warning signs of lymphoma include: Swollen glands (lymph nodes), often in the neck, armpit, or groin that are painless. Cough. Shortness of breath.