What are indicators? An indicator is a specific, observable and measurable characteristic that can be used to show changes or progress a programme is making toward achieving a specific outcome. There should be at least one indicator for each outcome.
What is the smart indicator?
Based on this brief assessment, it appears that often the indicators are not SMART (Specific, Measurable, Accepted, Relevant or Time bound). The most difficult part appears to the ‘S’ (Specific) and the ‘M’ (Measurable). ( 4) Realistic is used when achievable/attainable is not used. (
What is the process indicator?
Process Indicator. See also Process Measurables. These are indicators which directly measure the performance of key processes that affect customer expectations. Specific actions can be taken to improve the performance of these indicators, which in turn should improve the performance of the result measurables.
What are the indicators of health?
Health indicators are quantifiable characteristics of a population which researchers use as supporting evidence for describing the health of a population. Health indicators are often used by governments to guide health care policy.
What is an input indicator?
Input indicators. These indicators refer to the resources needed for the implementation of an activity or intervention. Policies, human resources, materials, financial resources are examples of input indicators. Example: inputs to conduct a training course may include facilitators, training materials, funds.
What is the definition of natural indicators?
A natural indicator is a natural substance that can be used to determine the pH of another substance. Red Cabbage and grape juice are examples of natural indicators. A synthetic indicator is a man made chemical substances used to determine pH.
What is an indicator of health?
A health indicator is a measure designed to summarize information about a given priority topic in population health or health system performance. Health indicators provide comparable and actionable information across different geographic, organizational or administrative boundaries and/or can track progress over time.
What is an indicator in a project?
SELECTING PROJECT INDICATORS. In M&E planning, one of the things that managers have to work out are a set of indicators that will be used to measure outputs against program goals. Understandably, questions often arise regarding what indicators are, their importance and what to consider when choosing them.
What are outcomes and indicators?
An OUTCOME INDICATOR is a specific, observable, and measurable characteristic or change that will represent achievement of the outcome. From: United Way of America. Measuring Program Outcomes: A Practical Approach.
How do the indicators work?
pH indicators detect the presence of H+ and OH-. They do this by reacting with H+ and OH-: they are themselves weak acids and bases. If an indicator is a weak acid and is coloured and its conjugate base has a different colour, deprotonation causes a colour change.
What is an indicator paper?
A universal indicator is a pH indicator composed of a solution of several compounds that exhibits several smooth colour changes over a pH value range from 0 to 14 (it may be negative or higher depending on the concentration) to indicate the acidity or alkalinity of solutions, where 7 indicates neutral.
What is a quantitative indicator?
Quantitative indicators are defined as measures of quantity, such as the number of women users in a telecentre, the number of women trained in computer skills or the number of women who have access to the internet compared to men.
What are the indicators in the car?
A car has several signalling devices – indicators, brake light, hazard warning light, headlights, reversing light and the car horn. These signalling devices are used by a driver to communicate to other road users what they intend to do. They help drivers “read the road”.
What are two Ph indicators?
A pH indicator is a halochromic chemical compound added in small amounts to a solution so the pH (acidity or basicity) of the solution can be determined visually. Hence, a pH indicator is a chemical detector for hydronium ions (H3O+) or hydrogen ions (H+) in the Arrhenius model.
What does KPI measure?
Definition: A Key Performance Indicator (KPI) is a measurable value that demonstrates how effectively a company is achieving key business objectives. Organizations use KPIs to evaluate their success at reaching targets.
What are some common indicators?
Whereas most dyes do not change color with the amount of acid or base present, there are many molecules, known as acid – base indicators , which do respond to a change in the hydrogen ion concentration. Most of the indicators are themselves weak acids. The most common indicator is found on “litmus” paper.
What are the characteristics of a good indicator species?
Amphibians make good indicator species because we live in two environments, land and water, and have thin skin that we sometimes breathe through. Our thin skin can also absorb toxic chemicals, radiation, and diseases. If there are lots of frogs and other amphibians in a habitat, it means the ecosystem is healthy.
What is an example of an indicator?
Chemical indicator, any substance that gives a visible sign, usually by a colour change, of the presence or absence of a threshold concentration of a chemical species, such as an acid or an alkali in a solution. An example is the substance called methyl yellow, which imparts a yellow colour to an alkaline solution.
What are some of the indicators of development?
Development indicators. Definition: Usually a numerical measure of quality of life in a country. Indicators are used to illustrate progress of a country in meeting a range of economic, social, and environmental goals.
What are the types of indicators in chemistry?
Common indicators include:
Litmus: A dye extracted from various species of lichen that changes colour around the neutral range.
Phenolphthalein: A synthetic indicator that changes colour in the basic range.
Methyl orange: A synthetic indicator that changes colour in the acidic range.
Why do we use indicators and why are they important?
Unlike litmus, universal indicator can show us exactly how strongly acidic or alkaline a solution is. This is measured using the pH scale. The pH scale runs from pH 0 to pH 14. Universal indicator has many different colour changes, from red for strong acids to dark purple for strong bases.