What is the meaning of magnetostriction?

Magnetostriction is a property of ferromagnetic materials that causes them to change their shape or dimensions during the process of magnetization.

Why do pylons make a noise?

“The audible noise emitted from high-voltage lines is caused by the discharge of energy that occurs when the electrical field strength on the conductor surface is greater than the ‘breakdown strength’ (the field intensity necessary to start a flow of electric current) of the air surrounding the conductor.

What do you mean by magnetostriction effect?

Magnetostriction (cf. electrostriction) is a property of ferromagnetic materials that causes them to change their shape or dimensions during the process of magnetization.

What is magnetostriction in transformer?

Transformer noise is caused by a phenomenon which causes a piece of magnetic sheet steel to extend itself when magnetized. When the magnetization is taken away, it goes back to its original condition. This phenomenon is scientifically referred to as magnetostriction.

What is meant by magnetostriction effect?

Magnetostriction is a property of ferromagnetic materials that causes them to change their shape when subjected to a magnetic field. The effect was first identified in 1842 by James Joule when observing a sample of nickel.

What is a magnetostrictive transducer?

A magnetostriction transducer is a device that is used to convert mechanical energy into magnetic energy and vice versa. Such a device can be used as a sensor and also for actuation as the transducer characteristics is very high due to the bi-directional coupling between mechanical and magnetic states of the material.

Is cavitron magnetostrictive?

Next, we have magnetostrictive ultrasonic units. One of the most well-known brands is the Dentsply Cavitron™, but there are hundreds of other brands and models on the market that operate the same way. Magnetostrictive scalers have metal stacks that vibrate and provide an elliptical motion of the tip.

What is magnetoresistive sensor?

A magnetoresistive (MR) sensor records axis or magnet angle information via the field vector in the chip plane. The AMR effect is a “resistor” effect based on the dependence of electrical resistance on the angle between the directions of the current flow and magnetization of a ferromagnetic material.

What is a magnetoresistive RAM?

MRAM (magnetoresistive random access memory) is a method of storing data bits using magnetic states instead of the electrical charges used by dynamic random access memory (DRAM).

What is the use of Hall probe?

The Hall probe is a magnetic field sensor that passes electrical current when the sensor is perpendicular to a magnetic field. The stronger the B-Field, the more current it passes.

What is the use of Hall effect?

The Hall effect is relevant to a variety of sensor applications; devices based on this relatively simple relationship between current, magnetic field, and voltage can be used to measure position, speed, and magnetic field strength.

What do you mean by Hall effect?

The Hall effect is the production of a voltage difference (the Hall voltage) across an electrical conductor, transverse to an electric current in the conductor and to an applied magnetic field perpendicular to the current. It was discovered by Edwin Hall in 1879.

What is the principle of Hall effect?

The Hall effect principle is named for physicist Edwin Hall. In 1879 he discovered that when a conductor or semiconductor with current flowing in one direction was introduced perpendicular to a magnetic field a voltage could be measured at right angles to the current path.

What can the Hall effect be used for?

A Hall effect sensor is a transducer that varies its output voltage in response to a magnetic field. Hall effect sensors are used for proximity switching, positioning, speed detection, and current sensing applications.

Do the hole actually move?

Yes, they are just the vacant spaces left when an electron leaves a site in the lattice of the semiconductor.They are not particles which move.Actually it is the electron which moves from one place to another( like we see in the Si block when external doping is done), and the site from where it jumps is assigned with

What is the band gap?

In graphs of the electronic band structure of solids, the band gap generally refers to the energy difference (in electron volts) between the top of the valence band and the bottom of the conduction band in insulators and semiconductors.

What is the band theory?

Insulator Energy Bands. Most solid substances are insulators, and in terms of the band theory of solids this implies that there is a large forbidden gap between the energies of the valence electrons and the energy at which the electrons can move freely through the material (the conduction band).

What is the band gap of germanium?

Energy band structure of germanium. Elemental germanium is a semiconductor with a measured indirect band gap of 0.66 eV. Using a hybrid functional as implemented in VASP 5.2, the computed value is 0.66 eV while standard density functional approaches incorrectly predict Ge to have no band gap.

Why Germanium is preferred over the silicon?

The structure of Germanium crystals will be destroyed at higher temperature. However, Silicon crystals are not easily damaged by excess heat. Peak Inverse Voltage ratings of Silicon diodes are greater than Germanium diodes. Si is less expensive due to the greater abundance of element.

What is the difference between conduction band and valence band?

In non-metals, the valence band is the highest range of electron energies in which electrons are normally present at absolute zero temperature, while the conduction band is the lowest range of vacant electronic states.

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