Nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).
People also ask, what are the parts of a church?
The parts of a church
The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit.
The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave.
The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church.
What is the name of the main room in a church?
The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church.
What is the sanctuary of the church?
In many Western Christian traditions including Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Methodist, and Anglican churches, the area around the altar is called the sanctuary; it is also considered holy because of the physical presence of God in the Eucharist, both during the Mass and in the church tabernacle the rest of the time.
What is the apse of a church?
Commonly, the apse of a church, cathedral or basilica is the semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir or sanctuary, or sometimes at the end of an aisle. In relation to church architecture it is generally the name given to where the altar is placed or where the clergy are seated.
What is a clerestory in a church?
The purpose is to admit light, fresh air, or both. Historically, clerestory denoted an upper level of a Roman basilica or of the nave of a Romanesque or Gothic church, the walls of which rise above the rooflines of the lower aisles and are pierced with windows.
What is the chancel of the church?
In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.
What is the transept in a church?
A transept (with two semitransepts) is a transverse part of any building, which lies across the main body of the edifice. In churches, a transept is an area set crosswise to the nave in a cruciform (“cross-shaped”) building within the Romanesque and Gothic Christian church architectural traditions.
What is the Quire in a church?
A choir, also sometimes called quire, is the area of a church or cathedral that provides seating for the clergy and church choir. It is in the western part of the chancel, between the nave and the sanctuary, which houses the altar and Church tabernacle.
Where is the altar in a church?
An altar is any structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes, and by extension the ‘Holy table’ of post-reformation Anglican churches. Altars are usually found at shrines, and they can be located in temples, churches and other places of worship.
What is the porch of a church?
A projecting entry to a church, usually located at the south west end of the nave and thus commonly called a south porch. Early churches, particularly Saxon churches, did not have porches, and people entred directly into the nave.
What is the central aisle or portion of a church called?
Nave. the central aisle of a Basilica, 2 or 3 stories high and flanked by aisles, and defined by the nave arcade or nave colonnade. Aisle. passage or open corridor of a church, hall, or other building that parallels with the main space, usually on both sides and is delineated by a row, or arcade, of columns or piers.
What do you call the east end of a church?
It is centered on the main east–west axis within the east end and generally located within the choir or the apse. Transept: Sometimes called the ‘Crossing’, the transept forms wings at right angles to the nave. In early Romanesque churches, it was often at the east end, creating a Tau Cross.
Where is the aisle in a church?
In church architecture, an aisle (also known as an yle or alley) is more specifically a passageway to either side of the nave that is separated from the nave by colonnades or arcades, a row of pillars or columns. Occasionally aisles stop at the transepts, but often aisles can be continued around the apse.
What is the pulpit in a church?
In many Christian churches, there are two speakers’ stands at the front of the church. Often, the one on the left (as viewed by the congregation) is called the pulpit. Since the Gospel lesson is often read from the pulpit, the pulpit side of the church is sometimes called the gospel side.
What qualifies as a cathedral?
In the Catholic tradition, the term “cathedral” correctly applies only to a church that houses the seat of the bishop of a diocese. A pro-cathedral is a parish or other church used temporarily as a cathedral, usually while the cathedral of a diocese is under construction, renovation, or repair.
What is the crossing in a cathedral?
In a typically oriented church (especially of Romanesque and Gothic styles), the crossing gives access to the nave on the west, the transept arms on the north and south, and the choir, as the first part of the chancel, on the east. The crossing is sometimes surmounted by a tower or dome.
Do cathedrals face east?
Not every church or cathedral maintains a strict east/west axis, but even in those that do not, the terms East End and West Front are used. Many churches of Rome, notably St Peter’s Basilica, face the opposite direction.
How long is the nave of Winchester Cathedral?
Winchester Cathedral is the longest mediaeval church in the world, 169 metres (554 ft). The nave of Winchester, gives an impression of height as well as length, but at 23.7 metres (78 ft) it is half the height of Beauvais.
What is the nave arcade?
Definition of nave arcade. : an arcade marking the separation between a nave and its side aisles.
Why did they build cathedrals?
Transcript of How Cathedrals Were Built In The Middle Ages. Cathedrals were massive buildings built for religious worship. They also showed the power of the Roman Catholic church. Most of the men worked on the buildings because the church told them that if they helped build the cathedrals, their sins would be forgiven.
What are the characteristics of Romanesque architecture?
Combining features of ancient Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture is known by its massive quality, thick walls, round arches, sturdy pillars, barrel vaults, large towers and decorative arcading.
What is a pilgrimage to a church?
A pilgrimage church (German: Wallfahrtskirche) is a church to which pilgrimages are regularly made, or a church along a pilgrimage route, like the Way of St. James, that is visited by pilgrims.
What is meant by the term Romanesque?
Noun. 1. Romanesque – a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD; characterized by round arches and vaults and by the substitution of piers for columns and profuse ornament and arcades. Romanesque architecture.