There are two main types of unilineal descent systems: patrilineal and matrilineal. A patrilineal descent system is one in which an individual’s kin group, or clan membership, is traced through men.
Also, what is patrilineal system of inheritance?
Patrilineality in patrilineal descent, also known as the male line or agnatic kinship, is a kinship system in which an individual’s family membership derives through his or her father’s lineage.
What is the patrilineal descent?
Patrilineal Descent. Patrilineal , or agnatic, descent is established by tracing descent exclusively through males from a founding male ancestor. The individuals indicated in blue constitute the patrilineal descendants of a common ancestor.
What is patrilineal descent in sociology?
patrilineal descent. (noun) Tracing an individual’s descent through their father’s side of the family. In contrast to patrilineal descent, matrilineal descent is tracing an individual’s descent through their mother’s side of the family. Also called: agnatic.
What is the horizontal function of kinship and marriage?
Those relationships found in all societies that are based on blood or marriage. The ways in which all kinship systems, by requiring people to marry outside their own small kinship group, function to integrate the total society through marriage bonds between otherwise unrelated kin groups.
What is patrilineal inheritance?
Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual’s family membership derives from and is recorded through his or her father’s lineage.
What does Patrilocality mean?
In social anthropology, patrilocal residence or patrilocality, also known as virilocal residence or virilocality, are terms referring to the social system in which a married couple resides with or near the husband’s parents.
What is a matrilineage?
Definition of matrilineage. : lineage based on or tracing descent through the maternal line —contrasted with patrilineage.
What is meant by the term caste system?
A caste system is a class structure that is determined by birth. Loosely, it means that in some societies, if your parents are poor, you’re going to be poor, too. Same goes for being rich, if you’re a glass-half-full person.
What is the matrilineal system?
Matrilineal society, also called matriliny, group adhering to a kinship system in which ancestral descent is traced through maternal instead of paternal lines (the latter being termed patrilineage or patriliny).
What does Cognatic mean?
Cognatic kinship is a mode of descent calculated from an ancestor or ancestress counted through any combination of male and female links, or a system of bilateral kinship where relations are traced through both a father and mother. Such relatives may be known as cognates.
What is a Patrilineage?
Definition of patrilineage. : lineage based on or tracing descent through the paternal line —contrasted with matrilineage.
What does it mean to have a matriarchal society?
A group or society is matriarchal when it is run by women. Anthropologists use the adjective matriarchal to talk about societies that are headed by females. The word comes from the Greek matēr, “mother,” and archein, “to rule.”
What is a bilateral kinship system?
Bilateral descent is a system of family lineage in which the relatives on the mother’s side and father’s side are equally important for emotional ties or for transfer of property or wealth. Javanese people, the largest ethnic group in Indonesia, also adopt a bilateral kinship system .
What is Ambilineal?
Ambilineality is a cognatic descent system in which individuals may be affiliated either to their father’s or mother’s group. Societies practicing ambilineal descent are especially common in Southeast Asia and the Pacific.
What is matrilineal system of inheritance?
Matrilineal succession is a form of hereditary succession or other inheritance through which the subject’s female relatives are traced back in a matrilineal line.
What does Neolocality mean?
Neolocal residence is a type of post-marital residence in which a newly married couple resides separately from both the husband’s natal household and the wife’s natal household.
What is a double descent?
Double descent refers to societies in which both the patrilineal and matrilineal descent group are recognized. In these societies an individual affiliates for some purposes with a group of patrilineal kinsmen and for other purposes with a group of matrilineal kinsmen.
What does Unilineal mean?
Many societies construct kinship groupings, roles, and relationships by tracing descent exclusively through the male – patrilineal – or female – matrilineal – line. The resulting units are called unilineal descent groups, either patrilineages or matrilineages according to the prevailing descent rule.
What does Bilineal mean?
Bilineal descent is system is tracing kinship structure through both parents. The most common form is bilateral descent. A system of tracing descent through both the mother’s and father’s sides of the family.
What is a unilateral system?
They are bilateral, unilateral, or ambilineal descent. Most common in the Western world, bilateral descent is the tracing of kinship through both parents’ ancestral lines. Conversely, unilateral descent is a kinship system in which descent is traced through only one gender.
What is the meaning of a unilateral decision?
Unilateral means “one-sided.” If parents make a unilateral decision to eliminate summer vacation, it means that the students’ opinions or opposing views weren’t considered. When someone makes a unilateral decision, he or she acts alone, without considering the feelings, opposing opinions or concerns of others.
What is the definition of a reconstituted family?
The simple definition of a blended family, also called a step family, reconstituted family, or a complex family, is a family unit where one or both parents have children from a previous relationship, but they have combined to form a new family. The parents may or may not then have children with each other.