An LC circuit, also called a resonant circuit, tank circuit, or tuned circuit, is an electric circuit consisting of an inductor, represented by the letter L, and a capacitor, represented by the letter C, connected together.
Similarly one may ask, what is resonance in a circuit?
The resonance of a series RLC circuit occurs when the inductive and capacitive reactances are equal in magnitude but cancel each other because they are 180 degrees apart in phase. The sharp minimum in impedance which occurs is useful in tuning applications.
Why parallel resonance is called current resonance?
As a parallel resonance circuit only functions on resonant frequency, this type of circuit is also known as an Rejecter Circuit because at resonance, the impedance of the circuit is at its maximum thereby suppressing or rejecting the current whose frequency is equal to its resonant frequency.
What is a parallel resonant circuit?
Parallel Resonance. The resonance of a parallel RLC circuit is a bit more involved than the series resonance. The resonant frequency can be defined in three different ways, which converge on the same expression as the series resonant frequency if the resistance of the circuit is small.
What is a resonant frequency?
In physics, resonance is a phenomenon in which a vibrating system or external force drives another system to oscillate with greater amplitude at specific frequencies. Frequencies at which the response amplitude is a relative maximum are known as the system’s resonant frequencies or resonance frequencies.
What is the electrical resonance?
resonance: In an electrical circuit, the condition that exists when the inductive reactance and the capacitive reactance are of equal magnitude, causing electrical energy to oscillate between the magnetic field of the inductor and the electric field of the capacitor.
What is meant by resonant frequency?
In sound applications, a resonant frequency is a natural frequency of vibration determined by the physical parameters of the vibrating object. It is easy to get an object to vibrate at its resonant frequencies, hard to get it to vibrate at other frequencies.
What do you mean by resonant circuit?
resonant circuit. [rĕz′?-n?nt] An electric circuit which has very low impedance at a certain frequency. Resonant circuits are often built using an inductor, such as a coil, connected in parallel to a capacitor.
What is the use of resonance?
This phenomenon is called resonance. Through resonance, a comparatively weak vibration in one object can cause a strong vibration in another. By analogy, the term resonance is also used to describe the phenomenon by which an oscillating electric current is strengthened by an electric signal of a specific frequency.
What is Q factor of resonant circuit?
The quality factor relates the maximum or peak energy stored in the circuit (the reactance) to the energy dissipated (the resistance) during each cycle of oscillation meaning that it is a ratio of resonant frequency to bandwidth and the higher the circuit Q, the smaller the bandwidth, Q = ƒr /BW.
What is Q factor in resonance?
The Q, or quality, factor of a resonant circuit is a measure of the “goodness” or quality of a resonant circuit. A higher value for this figure of merit corresponds to a more narrow bandwith, which is desirable in many applications.
What is the Q factor?
The Q factor is a dimensionless parameter that indicates the energy losses within a resonant element which could be anything from a mechanical pendulum, an element in a mechanical structure, or within electronic circuit such as a resonant circuit. In particular Q is often used in association with an inductor.
What is the formula for resonant frequency?
Resonance occurs when capacitive and inductive reactances are equal to each other. For a tank circuit with no resistance (R), resonant frequency can be calculated with the following formula: The total impedance of a parallel LC circuit approaches infinity as the power supply frequency approaches resonance.
What is an LR circuit?
A resistor–inductor circuit (RL circuit), or RL filter or RL network, is an electric circuit composed of resistors and inductors driven by a voltage or current source. A first-order RL circuit is composed of one resistor and one inductor and is the simplest type of RL circuit.
What is an LCR circuit?
An RLC circuit is an electrical circuit consisting of a resistor (R), an inductor (L), and a capacitor (C), connected in series or in parallel. The circuit forms a harmonic oscillator for current, and resonates in a similar way as an LC circuit.
What is the purpose of an inductor in a circuit?
An inductor is a passive electronic component which is capable of storing electrical energy in the form of magnetic energy. Basically, it uses a conductor that is wound into a coil, and when electricity flows into the coil from the left to the right, this will generate a magnetic field in the clockwise direction.
How energy is stored in a capacitor?
The energy stored on a capacitor can be expressed in terms of the work done by the battery. Voltage represents energy per unit charge, so the work to move a charge element dq from the negative plate to the positive plate is equal to V dq, where V is the voltage on the capacitor. But the battery energy output is QV!
What is the meaning of LC oscillators?
LC oscillator is a type of oscillator where a LC (inductor-capacitor) tank circuit is used for giving the required positive feedback for sustaining the oscillations. The LC tank circuit is also termed as LC resonant circuit or LC tuned circuit.
What is the reactance?
In electrical and electronic systems, reactance is the opposition of a circuit element to a change in current or voltage, due to that element’s inductance or capacitance.
What is the definition of impedance?
Impedance, denoted Z, is an expression of the opposition that an electronic component, circuit, or system offers to alternating and/or direct electric current.Impedance is a vector (two-dimensional)quantity consisting of two independent scalar (one-dimensional) phenomena: resistance and reactance.
What is the meaning of sharpness of resonance?
Frequency response is a measure of the amplitude of an oscillation as a function of frequency. Sharpness of resonance is defined by the Q factor, which is related to how quickly the energy of the oscillating system decays.
What is an RC network?
A resistor–capacitor circuit (RC circuit), or RC filter or RC network, is an electric circuit composed of resistors and capacitors driven by a voltage or current source. A first order RC circuit is composed of one resistor and one capacitor and is the simplest type of RC circuit.
What is the difference between a series and a parallel circuit?
In a series circuit, the current through each of the components is the same, and the voltage across the circuit is the sum of the voltages across each component. In a parallel circuit, the voltage across each of the components is the same, and the total current is the sum of the currents through each component.