What is the topology of a network?

A network topology is the pattern in which nodes (i.e., computers, printers, routers or other devices) are connected to a local area network (LAN) or other network via links (e.g., twisted pair copper wire cable or optical fiber cable). There are four principal topologies used in LANs: bus, ring, star and mesh.

What are computer network topologies?

Network topology is the arrangement of the elements (links, nodes, etc.) of a communication network. Network topology is the topological structure of a network and may be depicted physically or logically. A wide variety of physical topologies have been used in LANs, including ring, bus, mesh and star.

What is the topology?

A network topology is the arrangement of a network, including its nodes and connecting lines. There are two ways of defining network geometry: the physical topology and the logical (or signal) topology. Therefore, in effect, each workstation is directly connected to every other workstation in the network.

What are the topology used in LAN?

)The shape of a local-area network (LAN) or other communications system. Topologies are either physical or logical. There are four principal topologies used in LANs. bus topology: All devices are connected to a central cable, called the bus or backbone.

Why do networks have different topologies?

Network Topology refers to layout of a network. How different nodes in a network are connected to each other and how they communicate is determined by the network’s topology. Network Topology refers to the layout of a network and how different nodes in a network are connected to each other and how they communicate.

What are the protocols used in networking?

The TCP/IP Internet protocols, a common example, consist of: Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which uses a set of rules to exchange messages with other Internet points at the information packet level. Internet Protocol (IP), which uses a set of rules to send and receive messages at the Internet address level.

What are the different networking devices?

Different networking devices:

  • Network Hub: Network Hub is a networking device which is used to connect multiple network hosts.
  • Network Switch: Like a hub, a switch also works at the layer of LAN (Local Area Network) but you can say that a switch is more intelligent than a hub.
  • Modem:
  • Network Router:
  • Bridge:
  • Repeater:
  • What are the different types of networks?

    Common types of area networks are:

  • LAN – Local Area Network.
  • WAN – Wide Area Network.
  • WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network.
  • MAN – Metropolitan Area Network.
  • SAN – Storage Area Network, System Area Network, Server Area Network, or sometimes Small Area Network.
  • What is meant by bus topology?

    Alternatively referred to as a line topology, a bus topology is a network setup in which each computer and network device are connected to a single cable or backbone. The following sections contain both the advantages and disadvantages of using a bus topology with your devices.

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of star topology?

    Advantages and disadvantages of a star networkAdvantagesDisadvantageshigh performing as no data collisions can occurextra hardware required (hubs or switches) which adds to costif a hub or switch fails all the devices connected to it will have no network connection

    What do you mean by bus topology?

    Bus topology is a specific kind of network topology in which all of the various devices in the network are connected to a single cable or line. In general, the term refers to how various devices are set up in a network.

    What is meant by network technology?

    Network technology is the use of connected systems either via optic cable, satelite, wireless connections to relay various data , communication and resources in different parts of the world. it uses a build infrastructure to relay information either through communication, internet networkking, voice calls, etc.

    What do you mean by computer network?

    A computer network is a set of computers connected together for the purpose of sharing resources. The most common resource shared today is connection to the Internet. Other shared resources can include a printer or a file server. The Internet itself can be considered a computer network.

    What is meant by a network?

    A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources. In computer networks, computing devices exchange data with each other using connections between nodes (data links.) The best-known computer network is the Internet.

    What is the definition of network protocol?

    Network protocols are formal standards and policies comprised of rules, procedures and formats that define communication between two or more devices over a network. Network protocols govern the end-to-end processes of timely, secure and managed data or network communication.

    What is the point to point topology?

    Point-to-point. The simplest topology is a permanent link between two endpoints. Switched point-to-point topologies are the basic model of conventional telephony. The value of a permanent point-to-point network is the value of guaranteed, or nearly so, communications between the two endpoints.

    What is a ring network topology?

    A ring network is a network topology in which each node connects to exactly two other nodes, forming a single continuous pathway for signals through each node – a ring. Data travels from node to node, with each node along the way handling every packet.

    What is a star topology network?

    A star topology is a topology for a Local Area Network (LAN) in which all nodes are individually connected to a central connection point, like a hub or a switch. A star takes more cable than e.g. a bus, but the benefit is that if a cable fails, only one node will be brought down.

    What is the logical topology of a network?

    LocalTalk is a common logical bus or star topology protocol. IBM’s Token Ringis a common logical ring topology protocol. A network’s logical topology is not necessarily the same as its physical topology. For example, twisted pairEthernet is a logical bus topology in a physical star topology layout.

    What is a mesh network topology?

    A network setup where each computer and network device is interconnected with one another, allowing for most transmissions to be distributed, even if one of the connections go down. It is a topology commonly used for wireless networks. A mesh topology can be a full mesh topology or a partially connected mesh topology.

    What is topology in biology?

    In anatomy, topology refers to the topological approach in studying anatomy, i.e. studying based on anatomic regions and the relations between the structures, and is referred to as topographic anatomy.

    What is the meaning of line topology?

    It defines how the computers, or nodes, within the network are arranged and connected to each other. Some common network topologies include star, ring, line, bus, and tree configurations. However, the first and last node are not connected like they are in a ring.

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